Phase 1 dose-escalation study evaluating the safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical activity of OBI-3424 in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors

Background: Report of a Phase 1 dose-escalation study of OBI-3424 monotherapy in patients with advanced solid tumors (NCT03592264).

Methods: A classic 3 + 3 design was used to determine the maximum tolerated dose and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of OBI-3424 administered intravenously, as a single agent, at doses of 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, or 12 mg/m2 (days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle, Schedule A) or 8, 10, 12, or 14 mg/m2 (day 1 of a 21-day cycle, Schedule B).

Results: Dose-limiting hematologic toxicities at 12 mg/m2 in Schedule A led to dose and schedule modifications (Schedule B). In Schedule B, maximum tolerated dose was not reached at the maximum dose tested (14 mg/m2). Grade ≥3 anemia was noted in 3/6 patients treated at 14 mg/m2; the RP2D was 12 mg/m2 (Schedule B). Grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse events were experienced by 19/39 (49%) and included anemia (41%) and thrombocytopenia (26%); three patients experienced serious treatment-emergent adverse events (grade ≥3 anemia and thrombocytopenia). One patient had a partial response and 21/33 (64%) had stable disease.

Conclusions: The RP2D is 12 mg/m2 once every 3 weeks. OBI-3424 was well tolerated; dose-dependent, noncumulative thrombocytopenia and anemia were dose-limiting.

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